(Adhyaryu) Collects the utensils of the Sacrifice; The utensils of the Sacrifice are the Sacrifice, verily he Collects the Sacrifice. He collects them in pairs…One who knows the ten utensils of the Sacrifice; his sacrifice is set in order from the beginning. Sphya, Kapalani, Agnihotra-havani, Surpa, Krsnajina, Samya, Ulukhala, Musala, Drsad and Upala are the ten utensils of the Sacrifice. One who knows this, his Sacrifice is set in order from the beginning.
This book yanayudhani proves very much useful to the
students, researchers and those having interest and curiosity about
the srauta ritual. The book reflects our museum with scholarly
information by the renowned scholar Dr. T. N. Dharmadhikari.
Dr. T. N. Dharmadhikari was first Director of Vaidika
Samshodhana Mandala (Adarsh Sanskrit Shodha Samstha) Pune:
He has contributed a lot towards the collection of the utensils and
converting it into a well arranged museum. The first edition of
yanayudhani was published in 1989 and over the period of 20-22
years the copies exhausted. We are extremely thankful to Prof. V.
K. Nulkar (Hon Trustee of Akkalkot Swami Maharaj Sansthan,
Pune) and Shriman Kisanlalji Sarada) (Hon. Trustee of
Shriman Kisanlalji Sarada, Pratishthan, Nasik) for their
generous donations to bring out this second edition. When we
decided to bring out the second edition, we were short of funds.
We approached these philanthropic souls and within no time they
sanctioned and disbursed the amount. This second edition of the
yaiuiyudhiini could not have been possible without their support.
I take this opportunity to express my deep sense of
gratitude towards the members of the Managing Committee of
Vaidika Samshodhana Mandala - Prof. Dr. Saroja Bhate, Prof.
Dr. Pramod Lalye, Prof. Dr. Madhukar Dhavalikar and Dr.
Ratnakar Chandekar who have been a constant source of
inspiration. Their co-operation and guidance always enables me
to undertake new projects and complete it.
We sincerely express our deep sense of gratitude towards
the authorities of The Rashtriya Samskrit Samsthan, New
Delhi for substantially funding the entire scheme of Adarsha
Sanskrit Shodha Samstha, under which this work is being
I also acknowledge the efforts taken by Mr. Rahul
Marulkar of Mandar Printers, Pune, for doing the printing
perfectly and speedily.
We have great pleasure in presenting to the world of scholars interested in the ancient Indian Culture, this volume of an Album of Sacrificial Utensils utilised in the time-old tradition of the Vedic Sacrifices.
Vaidika Samsodhana Mandala has developed a small museum of the Sacrificial Utensils, This Album includes the photographs of few important utensils used in Adhana Agnihotra, Isti, Soma, Pravargya, Citi and Mahavrata rituals.
By the side of photographs, We have also furnished the information of the utensils, in respect of their material, shape and utility in Vedic Sacrifices_ This information is based on the relevant passages culled and cited from the Vedic Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas, Srauta and Grhya Sutras, Commentaries, Parisistas, Prayogas and Paddhatis etc-, either published or still hidden in manuscripts.
From the photographs of the utensils and their information, one may realise as to how the Vedic designers combined the utility of the utensils with their deep sense of aesthetics. This is more apparent when the distinctive marks have been invented in the designs for constituting difference between the utensils belonging to the same group.
Thus one finds a beak of Sruc similar to that of swan or to lips of elephant. Akarsa—phalaka is fashioned in the shape of serpant’s hood. Prasitra-harana assumes the form of cow’s ear; and Sphya appears like sword.
Rightly therefore the Rgvedic verse (VI.11.5) has referred to the Sruc as Suvrkti- i, e. well—fashioned.
We have therefore tried to point out both the characters of the sacrificial utensils- viz- form and utility; along with their material.
The utensils are traditionally used in the Vedic sacrifices from the hoary past, and are described in the time•0ld vedic literature. We therefore hope that this Album will help the students and admirers of the Ancient Indian Culture, and also the students of archaeology to some extent, in comprehending the nature of ancient designs.
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